Skip to main content

Guidelines for the Assessment and Educational Evaluation of Students Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

Eligibility Factors

To be considered for certain educational or related services, a child must be determined as eligible. As part of the educational evaluation process, the following factors should be considered for students who are deaf or hard of hearing:

Audiological Factors

  • Age of onset
  • Age of identification
  • Auditory skills and use of residual hearing
  • Speech perception
  • Effectiveness of amplification technology
  • Age of full-time amplification
  • Etiology of the hearing loss and associated risk factors
  • Type and degree of hearing loss
  • Functional listening evaluation and skills

Behavioral Factors

  • Attitudinal and motivational levels
  • Psychosocial behaviors
  • Adverse childhood experiences or trauma
  • Behavioral functioning

Communication Factors

  • Augmentative communication devices
  • Assistive technology
  • Primary language
  • Preferred mode of communication
  • Language processing skills

Educational Factors

  • Additional eligibilities or exceptionalities
  • Attendance consistency and stability
  • Early education
  • Performance on curriculum-based assessment
  • Classroom environment (e.g., acoustics, lighting, participation strategies, interpreter, captioning, technology)
  • Access to language throughout day

Family History

  • Birth history and results of Universal Newborn Hearing
  • Screening
  • Medical and audiological histories
  • Social and developmental history
  • Mode of communication, home language, cultural factors
  • Educational history (e.g., grades,portfolios)
  • Description of the student’s strengths, weaknesses, and interests
  • Description of the student’s temperament and behavior
  • Other pertinent information
  • Complete adaptive behavior or other inventories, as requested

Psycho-Social-Emotional Factors

  • Family history
  • Genetic history
  • Home language
  • Social behavior
  • Medical concerns: risk factors (e.g., infections, syndromes, routine medications)
  • Mental health
  • Family member(s)
  • Parent/family knowledge and support
  • Hearing status of child
  • Hearing status of family member