Skip to main content

Addressing the Expanded Core Curriculum

Independent Living Skills

Generally, young children learn basic skills in independent living through visual observation and imitation. However, most learners with visual impairments need systematic instruction and adaptations to use standard equipment, such as modifications to read oven markings in order to cook independently and safely. Depending on the student’s level of vision, intellectual ability, and other unique characteristics, adaptations may range from:

  • Minor highlighting and tactile clues for matching clothing, to
  • Cooking food
  • Grooming and hygiene
  • Cleaning one’s living environments, and
  • Preparation for living on one’s own.

These skills are not typically evaluated or taught in a sequential and systematic basis in general education settings. Family members may require assistance and guidance to implement the proper adaptations that will permit practice and mastery of new independent skills within the home. Successful transition from school to independent living and employment requires the development of such critical skills as:

  • Home living
  • Self-determination
  • Vocational
  • Community access
  • Money management
  • Interpersonal/social