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Learn easy-to-use strategies to increase auditory skills, visual language skills, and reading and writing print for learners who are deaf or hard of hearing.

Estimated Time to Complete: 1 1/2 hours

Learning Objectives:

  • Define the chaining strategy and how to use it within instruction for learners who are deaf/hard of hearing.
  • Describe the hierarchy of skills from detection to comprehension for language.
  • Distinguish the difference between consistent and inconsistent chaining.
  • Define the language sandwich strategy, commonly known as the auditory sandwich.
  • Explain the importance of split focus and wait time during instruction.
  • Describe the importance of serve/return and conversational turn-taking as a part of working with learners who are deaf/hard of hearing.
  • Define the strategies of acoustic highlighting, chunking, and visual/auditory memory.
  • Explain the importance of building time for expressive and receptive language skills with active practice/engagement.
  • Describe the importance of expecting a response, use of wait time, and modeling a response.


  • Abbey Weaver, Itinerant Teacher for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, Southern Ohio Educational Service Center/Hopewell Center Region 14. Abbey Weaver began working with Southern Ohio Educational Service Center/Hopewell Center Region 14 in 2003 as an itinerant teacher for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing. She is also the Team Leader for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing department. She supervises itinerant teachers, educational interpreters, language facilitators, and an audiologist. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in Deaf Education from Kent State University. In addition, she has a master’s degree in reading from Xavier University. She works with a variety of individuals in various schools located in Adams, Brown, Clinton, Fayette, and Highland Counties.

Various organizations have approved modules and webinars in the Learning Hub for continuing education credit.

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