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MedEd Connections Resource Guides: Deaf and Hard of Hearing

Preparing for Your Doctor Visit

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Understanding Types of Hearing Conditions

There are three large general categories of deafness or hearing status: congenital, conductive, and sensorineural. Congenital means that your child was born with deafness or a hearing condition. Conductive means that there are issues with the middle ear. Sensorineural means there are issues with the inner ear. An audiologist will identify the cause and recommend next steps.

The Ohio Academy of Audiology: Find an Audiologist

Questions to ask your child’s doctor

Tips to Prepare for Doctor Appointments

Create a medical care notebook or binder including the following elements:

  • A list of questions so the doctor can address all of your concerns.
  • Written observations of your child’s abilities, challenges, and habits.
  • Notes taken during the appointment. It may help you spell medical terms, remember suggested treatments and their pros and cons, and remember the names of recommended specialists.
  • Write down contact information for all the doctors you visit.
  • Keep discharge paperwork
  • Keep insurance information handy.

Bring a friend or family member to take notes for you so you don’t have to split your focus between your notes and the doctor speaking.

Want to learn more about reading an audiogram?

Visit, which is a great general resource for families with children who are D/HH.

Want to access a hearing simulator to hear what your child’s hearing is like?

Glossary of Terms

You will hear a variety of medical and auditory terms being used at your child’s appointments. The Outreach Center has developed a glossary of commonly used audiological terms and their definitions to assist you.

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